Vladimir Kosma Zworykin (1899-1982)
Physicist noted for his work in electronics. He has been
called the father of television. He invented the iconoscope (the first television
transmission tube) and the kinescope (a television picture tube). He also played a leading
role in development of the electron microscope.
Born in Russia. Came to the U.S. in 1919, became a citizen in
1924. In 1929 he became director of electronic research for Radio Corporation of America
(RCA) and later a vice president. Zworykin was awarded a National Medal of Science in
His inventions include a television-guided bomb and a system to
convert ultraviolet or infrared into visible light. He worked on developing the computer
and electron microscope. During World War II he was a science advisor to the U. S.
During the 1920s,
developed and patented an electronic scanning device which became the
first practical "pickup" tube for television. He called it the iconoscope.